As you can imagine, during my 20+ years working as a copy editor and proofreader, I’ve come across a lot of typos and spelling errors. Here are a few of the most common mistakes and some tips on how to avoid them:
“It’s” vs. “its.” This one can be confusing, not to mention challenging to remember, because we’re so used to using an apostrophe to indicate the possessive. In this case, “it’s” is the contraction of “it is” and “its” is the possessive. So when you’re reviewing your copy, ask yourself if you mean “it is” or the possessive. Examples: It’s too bad she wasn’t able to come out tonight. The tree was at least 10 years old, and this was the first time its leaves had fallen in October.
Using “weary” when you mean “wary.” Believe it or not, I’ve seen this one a number of times. “Weary” (tired) being used when the writer means “wary” (cautious, suspicious, on one’s guard). A good way to remember this is “wary” rhymes with “scary”—and both have similar spellings. Examples: They were weary from travelling, so they stopped for a coffee and a snack. They were wary of their luggage getting lost, so they arranged to take carry-on.
“Then” and “than.” “Then” refers to a specific time, or introduces something that happens next. “Than” introduces a second element in a comparison. Are you talking about when (which also rhymes with “then” and has similar spellings) something happened or are you comparing things? Examples: We stopped for a coffee then continued on our journey. This trip was a lot more fun than the last trip we took.
That’s all for now. As always, it’s good to have someone—preferably a professional proofreader or copy editor—check your work before you hit Send or Print on that document.
Cathy (Cate) McKim is a storyteller with the soul of a cowbell—direct, succinct and whimsical. Through tight editing, powerful writing and a voice that keeps people listening, delivers words that captivate, engage and inspire. Cathy is also the creator and editor of one of Toronto’s most popular arts blogs, . What can she do for you?